Some health conditions are severe in dogs, and your dog will become dehydrated and depressed If it is unchecked. One of these conditions is vomiting in dogs. Here I am going to provide you a detailed guide about vomiting in dogs and how to treat and prevent this condition.
Table of contents
Vomiting and its causes
Vomiting is the involuntary expulsion of content from the stomach through the mouth. Sometimes the owner confused vomiting with regurgitation, but there is a lot of difference between these two terms. Regurgitation is the expulsion of undigested food from the mouth, and it is an esophageal disorder, while vomiting is a gastrointestinal issue. There are several causes of vomiting in dogs. Here I am going to elaborate on these causes:
- When your dog eats garbage or dirty things in the street, your dog will vomit to emit that garbage from his stomach.
- When your dog eats food with toxins
- When your dog is infected with a pathogen like canine parvovirus, it will show signs of vomiting,
- Diet change can have a significant impact on the stomach of a dog so that the dog will show symptoms of vomiting.
- Afferent nerves are present in the kidney, liver, and uterus. These nerves have a direct connection with vomiting center in the brain, so when there are kidney failure, liver infection, and pyometra, the dog will show the condition of vomiting.
- Intestinal parasites and cancer can also result in acute and sudden vomiting.
Types of vomiting
Vomiting due to the ingestion of toxic substances and the dog vomit suddenly is called acute vomiting.
Vomiting lasts for more than one month is called chronic vomiting. Chronic vomiting occurs due to different disease conditions and sometimes due to stress.
Signs of vomiting
Loss of appetite
Diagnosis of vomiting
Always consult with your veterinarian if your dog shows the symptoms mentioned above. If vomiting is yellow, it means your dog’s stomach is empty, and it has nothing except bile in its stomach. Your dog will vomit red if it has bleeding in the stomach. Greenish vomiting will occur If there is a problem in the intestine. Yellowish and greenish vomiting will happen in the case of the stomach and upper intestinal infection. So these are some points you need to consider while your dog has the condition of vomiting.
Treatment of vomiting
- Always consult with your veterinarian for treatment. Vomiting causes loss of chloride ion, and in case of severe vomiting, there will be a loss of sodium and potassium. So always start with fluid therapy. Lactate ringer solution is the best fluid therapy in case of vomiting as vomiting causes metabolic acidosis, and lactate ringer solution will treat this. Lactate ringer solution also contains sodium, potassium, and chloride ions, so it will help your dog to recover from the loss of precious ions.
- Your veterinarian can also give antiemetic agents like metoclopramide, but it has adverse effects like dizziness, so always observe your pet after treatment.
- Your veterinarian can also give H2 receptor antagonists like ranitidine, which reduces acidity in the stomach.
- Your veterinarian can also use different vitamins and mineral preparations.
Prevention of vomiting
Always give healthy food to your dog.
Properly vaccinate your dog.
Keep them away from the dirty environment.
Frequently asked questions
Can my dog die with vomiting?
Always consult with your veterinarian when your dog vomits. If left untreated, your dog will become debilitated and will eventually die.
What are the home remedies of vomiting?
You can use powder preparation of oral rehydrate solution as a home remedy for vomiting. Oral rehydrate solution contains sodium, potassium, chloride so that it will help in the recovery of nutrients.
Thus, vomiting can cause serious health issues in dogs. Above is the detailed guide on how to treat vomiting in dogs and how you can prevent this condition in a dog. I hope you like the article, feel free to ask any question.