You need to keep your dog in a healthy environment; otherwise, disease conditions develop. Once the disease condition develops, it will cost you money and, most importantly, your dog’s health. So better to avoid these pathological conditions by providing your dog with a clean environment. Hot spots on dogs are one of these conditions that develop due to poor hygiene.
Here I am going to provide you a complete guide on how to prevent your dog from developing hot spots and what are the sign and symptoms and what to do if hot spots develop.
Hot spots on dogs and their causes
Hot spots are a medical term commonly known as acute moist dermatitis. They are irritating sores, red develop due to constant licking, biting, and chewing of the specific area. Constant licking and biting happens due to a pathological condition and sometimes due to dry skin. But discomfort for a dog occurs during the healing process.
During the healing process, scab begins to form, and the dog will continuously lick that swab. It allows the bacteria to enter the wound and cause serious bacterial infections like staphylococcus pyoderma.
Other causes of hot spots:
Allergic reactions are one of the reasons for hot spots and some other diseases like scabies, demodicosis, dry skin. All these conditions happen due to an unhygienic environment and not providing proper care to your dog.
Clinical signs of hot spots:
If you observe below mentioned clinical signs in your pet, take your dog to the nearby veterinary clinic.
Alopecia which is also known as loss of hair
Itchy skin due to mites, ticks, fleas
Constant licking of the neck, head, and thigh region
Dull, depressed and lethargic
Weight loss due to decreased appetite
High fever due to any infection
Hot spots on skin due to constant licking and biting
Due to continuous licking and biting, the area will become wet.
These are clinical signs associated with hot spots on the dog. The animal will become immune compressed and prone to other diseases.
Breed prone to hot spots
Long hair breeds of dog love water and hot spots tend to develop more in long hair breeds of dogs.
The following breeds of dog are more prone to hot spots
But apart from the facts mentioned above, hot spots can develop in any breed if the hygienic conditions of the breed are not suitable.
Contagious nature of hot spots
Hot spots are not infectious, but the pathogens residing in the hot spots can be infectious if direct contact with the skin of a healthy dog occurs. So keep your dog away from the sick dog or dog having an allergic condition.
Treatment of hot spots
Always consult with your veterinarian for treatment of hot spots
- Your veterinarian will shave the area surrounding the hot spots. It will help the skin to become dry and prevent the hair from indulging in the hot spots. Then your veterinarian applies any antiseptic spray. It will be irritating for your dog. But it is necessary to remove the debris because bacteria will reside inside the debris, and it will lead to severe bacterial infections.
- Your veterinarian can use different kinds of sprays like chlorhexidine spray which fights bacteria, fungi, yeast, and ringworm infection.
- Betnovate cream can also be used to teat this condition. It is a topical corticosteroid and used to treat itchy skin and disease like eczema, which is commonly referred to as atopic dermatitis.
- Your veterinarian can also give Antihistaminic agents like pheniramine maleate, which reduces the itchy and red skin caused by any allergic reactions.
- Malaseb shampoo can also be used to prevent any underlying fungal infection. It also prevents dandruff, yeast, and any ringworm infection.
- Different type of anti-parasitic medications used for the removal of ticks.
- To avoid any underlying bacterial infection, use first-generation cephalosporins like cephradine. A study suggests they are most effective for bacteria residing in the skin.
- Cortico steroid tablets are also an effective way to treat this.
- Your veterinarian can also give ivermectin, which belongs to a group of antibiotics and have excellent efficacy against ticks, mites, but certain breeds of dog are prone to ivermectin. Ivermectin has a deleterious effect on the brain health of the dog, causing neurotoxicity.
- We can also use different homemade remedies. We can apply Coconut oil, which has antiviral and antibacterial properties. Vitamin E capsules can be given to enhance immunity and to prevent hair loss. Vitamin A is responsible for the regeneration of skin epithelial cells. So vitamin A can also be given to treat this problem.
How to prevent hot spots on a dog?
Proper shaving and regular grooming of a dog are necessary to avoid hot spots. Ticks and mites control is essential for the prevention of this disease. Do not keep your dog wet; bacteria mostly grow in a moist environment. Provide your dog with healthy food and diet.
Frequently asked questions
What are the causes of hot spots?
Allergic reactions and different pathological conditions are causes of hot spots.
What is the visual nature of hot spots?
Hot spots look red and bulging inflamed areas.
What to do if my dog has hot spots?
Always consult with a veterinarian.
Hygiene is the first thing to look at while preventing your dog from any pathological condition. Proper grooming and cleaning of dogs are necessary to avoid hot spots. Feel free to contact us for questions.